I skimmed the NAEP Technological Literacy Draft. It's looking at "technology" writ large, not just IT or computing. Seems pretty good, if uninspiring. I predict it and its assessment will be roundly ignored.
In a related note, I like the explanation/justification of computer science that some Scots are working with:
- CS gives you intellectual tools which make you view the world in a particular way: computational thinking;
- It is central to absolutely any future development, such as climate change for example;
- It enables you to specify, represent and solve problems in a robust and efficient way by developing a model of what will work under many circumstances;
- It helps you to solve problems by applying generic principles such as abstraction and modularity;
- It helps you to visualise internally complicated processes and complex models which evolve over time.